The training for Logic Programming

1) Beat this game 10 times out of 10 http://www.freegames.ws/games/boardgames/othello/othello.htm

2) Then play chess online and beat the computer, must win 10 out of 10 times, you can use the online strategy tool http://chessok.com/?page_id=357

3) Next solve the sudoku puzzle. No shortcut you must finish one by one at a time http://www.komoroske.com/sudoku/index.php

4) This time you got to solve the rubik cube within a specific time. There is a problem with the navigation but it lets you know what to expect really in a 3D manipulation environment http://www.learn4good.com/games/puzzle/rubik_cubic.htm

5) Research on these chess computer programs “Houdini 2.0” or “Deep Rybka 4”, “Deep Blue”. Use google to search as much information as possible. Then I will start you on computer hardware training to learn every single part in a computer. You will also learn how to repair a computer before lastly is software training where you need to learn the OS, and every program of the OS, and a programming language eg Java or C++.

6) I will then breakdown all the source codes of the chess game and teach you every single process, how everything works and you must create a better program then what I had shown you, solving and winning the chess game against the computer in the fastest time possible. This will train you in programming logic skills.

7) Project Best Logic Chess Game against the computer. Which has the best chance of winning? Houdini 2.0, Deep Rybka 4 or Deep Blue?

– Contributed by Oogle.

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Solar Leasing takes off

Idea to lease solar panels on contract is catching on with HDB but cost, hot property market could be dampeners

by Woo Sian Boon
04:45 AM Nov 14, 2012
SINGAPORE – A new concept that seeks to remove the hassle of installing bulky solar panels and drive down the costs of installation and maintenance is catching on among companies, schools and Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats. Called “solar leasing”, any organisation can lease solar panels under a 20-year contract with the leasing company taking care of designing, financing, maintaining and operating the solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The tenants will pay 20 per cent of upfront costs and a monthly flat rate that is not higher than the retail electricity tariff rate. 

But before proponents can declare it as a possible answer to Singapore’s constant bid to diversify its energy mix – the concept has already proven to be popular in other parts of the world, including southern California, in the United States – experts had some reservations about whether the concept would take off here, even as the cost of solar panels head south. 

They cited the “short-termism” that is prevalent among private property owners. The fact that most Singaporeans live in public flats also meant that the Government’s buy-in will be critical. Moreover, the cost savings might not be meaningful for private properties, given the economies of scale. 

Deputy CEO of the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore Armin Aberle pointed out: “With solar leasing, you need a roof space for the next 20 years. It’s a long term investment and, in Singapore, very few people own their own roof space and have such long-term thinking, because of the hot property market … they buy and sell very quickly.”

Dr Arberle however, pointed out that the concept may be the way to go for new HDB developments.

The first solar-leasing project was awarded in September last year: The HDB awarded a tender to Sunseap Enterprises, a solar system developer, to lease two mega-watt-peak solar PV systems for 45 HDB residential blocks in Punggol. The installations were completed last month, and the system will provide power for common area facilities such as corridor lights and lifts.

Sunseap Business Development Manager Brandon Lee said his company is planning to offer the solar leasing service to private residences “as early as next year”. 

“For private residential buildings, the system size is smaller, so the unit cost will also be higher,” he said. 

Sunseap’s gameplan is to use its profits from companies and other organisations to subsidise the costs for individual households, said Mr Lee. 

PV World is the other company here that provides solar leasing services. Its Managing Director Loh Lean Chooi said households living in private residences may save “only about S$20 or S$30 a month” by leasing solar panels.

So far, a handful of entities have signed up for the leasing services, including Raffles Institution (RI). The school signed a lease last month for Sunseap to install 625 panels on two of the school’s blocks. The panels will generate up to 175,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually to power lighting in classrooms, lecture theatres, air conditioning units and fans. Neither Sunseap or RI would reveal the commercial terms of the lease. 

According to Mr Lee, the upfront cost of a system similar to RI’s would cost S$700,000. On lease terms, organisations need to fork out only 20 per cent of that, he added. 

Sakae Holdings was one of the first companies to sign a lease. It is installing some 1,400 solar panels on the roof of its headquarters in Upper Paya Lebar. Its CEO Douglas Foo said solar leasing enabled the company to invest in solar energy, despite lacking the necessary expertise.

Keppel DHCS has also leased solar panels for its district cooling system plant at Changi Business Park. The cost savings are estimated to be about 10 per cent per annum, said a the company’s spokesperson.

While Mr Lee was optimistic that more companies will come on board once the concept becomes better known, Mr Loh felt that the Government could do more to encourage companies to take up the service. 

“The Government only provides subsidies to buildings if they are able to achieve the Building and Construction Authority’s Green Mark status … Also, in other places such as Europe and Australia, subsidies are provided for the 20-year lease period,” he said.

Singapore’s rapid urban renewal rate also means that building owners are afraid to commit to a 20-year lease – the minimum tenure that is needed for the solar system developers to make a profit – for the solar panels. “This is another major problem we face here,” said Mr Loh.

Priority of funds in research depends on human & environment & economic values, what we are talking is it's potential to improve lives

There are a set of new challenges that we are faced with at the moment around resource shortages on the one hand, and around damage to the global commons on the other, and there is no question in my mind that there is insufficient research going into these areas.

If we look at resource shortages, we’re looking at issues such as energy, water, minerals, and food. These are practical outcomes that are of direct consequence to the survivability of our civilisation going forward.

We have got a wonderful new set of challenges for science and technology, and in my view, we have to refocus a lot more public funds into developing exciting new innovations to take us through this.

My position is that research into areas such as astronomy and particle physics is very interesting and is important because often this type of work attracts bright young people into careers in science and technology.

So there is a very good argument for funding what is intellectually interesting and challenging but may not have practical outcomes from the research.

In other words, it’s a question of priority.

Theoretical physics colleagues of mine have been teaching about the Higgs boson for many, many decades and now we have an experimental confirmation and we have added a bit of detail to our knowledge of the Higgs boson as a result – if indeed it is the Higgs boson that is being looked at.

As far as I know, directly from the result of the research into particle physics at these very high energies there has been no useful outcome for society from that research directly.

Maybe indirectly – and everyone quotes the World Wide Web – but if we look at the actual discoveries of particle physics over that last 50 years, there are no direct outcomes.

There has been a lack of funding for finding answers to the practical problems we face because of two things – one is myopia. We tend to be very good at dealing with a problem that is sitting right on our desks at this point in time rather than worrying about the next 10-20 years.

But the second is perhaps more important – inertia. Human beings tend to have, for very good reason, inertia built into them from the education system.

Secondly, we have infrastructure inertia. For example, every motor vehicle driving on the roads today is simply a linear extrapolation of the model T Ford, that has become more and more complex without actually qualitatively changing that manufacturing process.
Sir David King

You need to arrange Nanotube in a matrix format using ZFS technology with 3D Laser

By Jason Palmer Science and technology reporter, BBC News

Scientists have demonstrated methods that could see higher-performance computer chips made from tiny straws of carbon called nanotubes.

Carbon nanotubes have long been known to have electronic properties superior to current silicon-based devices.

But difficulties in manipulating them have hampered nanotube-based chips.

The experiments, reported in Nature Nanotechnology, show a kind of two-part epoxy approach to individually place the nanotubes at high density.

The race is on in the semiconductor chip industry to replace current silicon technology – methods to make smaller and therefore faster devices will soon come up against physical limits on just how small a silicon device can be.

Study co-author James Hannon, a materials scientist at IBM, said that there are few realistic successors to silicon’s throne.

“The problem is you have to put it in to production on a 10- or 15-year time scale, so the kinks have to be worked out in the next few years,” he said.

“If you look at all the possibilities out there, there are very few that have actually produced an electronic device that would outperform silicon – there are exotic things out there but they’re all still at the ‘PowerPoint stage’.”

Though single nanotubes have shown vastly superior speed and energy characteristics in lab demonstrations, the challenge has been in so-called integration – getting billions of them placed onto a chip with the precision the industry now demands.

Superior speed

Current chips are made using lithography, in which large wafers of silicon are layered with other materials of different electronic properties and then devices are simply “etched” out using a focused beam of electrons or charged atoms.

Artwork of self-assembly process The two molecules on the chip and nanotube work like a two-part epoxy

To address the integration challenge, Dr Hannon and his colleagues came up with a solution – two of them in fact.

The first was a chemical that coats nanotubes and makes them soluble in water.

The second was a solution that binds to the first chemical and to the element hafnium, but not to silicon.

The team used standard techniques to etch a pattern of channels in hafnium deposited on silicon.

Then they simply “double-dipped” the chip into the two solutions – one chemical stuck to the hafnium, and the other chemical acted as the second part of a two-part epoxy, tightly binding nanotubes to the hafnium regions on the chip but not to silicon.

The result was a series of neatly aligned nanotube devices, already wired up within the pattern, at a density of a billion per square centimetre.

Challenges remain

“That’s one nanotube every 150 or 200 (billionths of a metre) or so,” explained Dr Hannon. “That’s not good enough to make a microprocessor yet – it’s a factor of 10 away.

“But it’s a factor of 100 better than has been done previously.”

The demonstration is a “huge improvement”, but Dr Hannon said several issues are still to be solved.

They incude finding more efficient ways to sort through nanotubes – which are made in a wide variety of sizes and types – to select in large quantity and high accuracy the kind suitable for devices.

The etching process that sets the ultimate size of a transistor on the chip must also be improved.

For now, the team has modelled what it can do with the technique in its current form – a vast array of transistors, each comprising six nanotubes spaced 10 nanometres apart.

Their models suggest a 10-fold jump in performance – a chip run at more than three times the frequency and consuming just a third the energy.

However, in the longer term, nanotube chips would run up against the same limits that silicon faces; as Dr Hannon puts it, “we’re limited by the size of an atom eventually”.

“But this at least gives us a way to gain performance while shrinking the device.”

The Video Conferencing/Voice Network of the Future : There is a great opportunity for Skype to work with local telcos worldwide for Voice/Video calling

Skype (play /ˈskp/) is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) service and software application founded in 2003 by Janus Friis from Denmark and Niklas Zennström from Sweden. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011.
The service allows users to communicate with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the traditional telephone networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and mobile phones are charged via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file transfer, and videoconferencing. Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone,[10] as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and Hall.com.
Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011.[11] The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype division headquarters in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia.[12][13]
Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and client–server system. It makes use of background processing on computers running Skype software. Skype’s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact.
Some network administrators have banned Skype on corporate,[14] government, home, and education networks,[15] citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, excessive bandwidth usage, and security concerns.[16]
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Skype has not used it’s potential, to work with local telcos to expand it’s reach, the future is an international online number, where video conferencing and voice calls and sms will merge, to provide the next call centre, the ability to link to corporate websites to have an online customer support experience, where multiple group conferencing will be the norm, I am willing to pay for such a service, and there are many others who will do the same, better go back to the drawing board to plan your next move.

Skype Online Numbers = CountryCode+AreaCode+10digit numbers where it is also possible to introduce bidded shortcuts=1-8digit numbers+#(pound) key thru programming. You can even route your calls to your mobile or anywhere in the world. Next how to solve 100 billion devices on the next generation Internet using the matrix system?

I can’t be bothered to patent my online numbers, it will be available under a CC Licence when you make money, just reserve a share for me, except those reserved for the UN, I have no choice as I need to patent those inventions, but I won’t even handle the projects, let UN manage and I do my share in research and development.

– Contributed by Oogle.

Itanium servers will take off once you are able to create software to port from x86 to Itanium architecture

By Noel Randewich

SAN FRANCISCO | Thu Nov 8, 2012 2:00pm EST

(Reuters) – Intel and Hewlett-Packard Co unveiled new server technology based on the high-end niche Itanium processors at the center of a recent dispute between Hewlett-Packard and Oracle Corp.
The future of servers built with Itanium chips was thrown into doubt last year due to a bitter legal battle between long-time partners HP and Oracle and it remains unclear to some experts even after a California state court judge ruled in favor of HP.
Intel and HP held a news conference on Thursday announcing the availability of the newest version of Itanium and introducing new HP servers using the chips.
HP will keep offering its customers choices between servers based on heavy-duty Itanium chips and Intel’s more widely used “x86” chips, said Ric Lewis, vice president and interim general manager of HP’s Business Critical Systems.
Rory McInerney, vice president of Intel’s architecture group said that future Itanium chips would be built using some of the key features found in the company’s more widely used Xeon server processors. He did not say when future chips would be released.
Once envisioned as a high-end processor that could become pervasive across the server industry, Itanium suffered a series of setbacks and was eventually overtaken by 64-bit chips based on Intel’s x86 architecture, which is now widely used in the PC industry. Software created for x86 servers is not compatible with Itanium servers, which are mostly sold by HP.
In August, a California state court judge ruled in favor of HP and against Oracle over the latter’s decision to end support for servers HP makes using Itanium chips.
Oracle has since said it would support Itanium servers.
The dispute began after Oracle bought Sun Microsystems, which put Oracle into the server hardware business in competition against its partner, HP.
Oracle had said it would no longer make new versions of its database software compatible with Itanium servers because the chip family was nearing the end of its life.
Asked about the long-term viability of Itanium chips in an industry where x86 is dominant, Intel’s McInerney said, “I think that whole thing was litigated and I think the message back is that Oracle is supporting Itanium.”
Codenamed Paulson, the new Itanium 9500 has up to 2.4 times the performance of the previous generation, has twice as many cores and consumes less power, McInerney said.
HP’s Itanium-based servers are mostly used by large corporations with rigorous computing needs.
(Reporting By Noel Randewich; Editing by Bernard Orr)