You need to arrange Nanotube in a matrix format using ZFS technology with 3D Laser

By Jason Palmer Science and technology reporter, BBC News

Scientists have demonstrated methods that could see higher-performance computer chips made from tiny straws of carbon called nanotubes.

Carbon nanotubes have long been known to have electronic properties superior to current silicon-based devices.

But difficulties in manipulating them have hampered nanotube-based chips.

The experiments, reported in Nature Nanotechnology, show a kind of two-part epoxy approach to individually place the nanotubes at high density.

The race is on in the semiconductor chip industry to replace current silicon technology – methods to make smaller and therefore faster devices will soon come up against physical limits on just how small a silicon device can be.

Study co-author James Hannon, a materials scientist at IBM, said that there are few realistic successors to silicon’s throne.

“The problem is you have to put it in to production on a 10- or 15-year time scale, so the kinks have to be worked out in the next few years,” he said.

“If you look at all the possibilities out there, there are very few that have actually produced an electronic device that would outperform silicon – there are exotic things out there but they’re all still at the ‘PowerPoint stage’.”

Though single nanotubes have shown vastly superior speed and energy characteristics in lab demonstrations, the challenge has been in so-called integration – getting billions of them placed onto a chip with the precision the industry now demands.

Superior speed

Current chips are made using lithography, in which large wafers of silicon are layered with other materials of different electronic properties and then devices are simply “etched” out using a focused beam of electrons or charged atoms.

Artwork of self-assembly process The two molecules on the chip and nanotube work like a two-part epoxy

To address the integration challenge, Dr Hannon and his colleagues came up with a solution – two of them in fact.

The first was a chemical that coats nanotubes and makes them soluble in water.

The second was a solution that binds to the first chemical and to the element hafnium, but not to silicon.

The team used standard techniques to etch a pattern of channels in hafnium deposited on silicon.

Then they simply “double-dipped” the chip into the two solutions – one chemical stuck to the hafnium, and the other chemical acted as the second part of a two-part epoxy, tightly binding nanotubes to the hafnium regions on the chip but not to silicon.

The result was a series of neatly aligned nanotube devices, already wired up within the pattern, at a density of a billion per square centimetre.

Challenges remain

“That’s one nanotube every 150 or 200 (billionths of a metre) or so,” explained Dr Hannon. “That’s not good enough to make a microprocessor yet – it’s a factor of 10 away.

“But it’s a factor of 100 better than has been done previously.”

The demonstration is a “huge improvement”, but Dr Hannon said several issues are still to be solved.

They incude finding more efficient ways to sort through nanotubes – which are made in a wide variety of sizes and types – to select in large quantity and high accuracy the kind suitable for devices.

The etching process that sets the ultimate size of a transistor on the chip must also be improved.

For now, the team has modelled what it can do with the technique in its current form – a vast array of transistors, each comprising six nanotubes spaced 10 nanometres apart.

Their models suggest a 10-fold jump in performance – a chip run at more than three times the frequency and consuming just a third the energy.

However, in the longer term, nanotube chips would run up against the same limits that silicon faces; as Dr Hannon puts it, “we’re limited by the size of an atom eventually”.

“But this at least gives us a way to gain performance while shrinking the device.”

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The Video Conferencing/Voice Network of the Future : There is a great opportunity for Skype to work with local telcos worldwide for Voice/Video calling

Skype (play /ˈskp/) is a proprietary voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) service and software application founded in 2003 by Janus Friis from Denmark and Niklas Zennström from Sweden. It has been owned by Microsoft since 2011.
The service allows users to communicate with peers by voice, video, and instant messaging over the Internet. Phone calls may be placed to recipients on the traditional telephone networks. Calls to other users within the Skype service are free of charge, while calls to landline telephones and mobile phones are charged via a debit-based user account system. Skype has also become popular for its additional features, including file transfer, and videoconferencing. Competitors include SIP and H.323-based services, such as Linphone,[10] as well as the Google Talk service, Mumble and Hall.com.
Skype has 663 million registered users as of September 2011.[11] The network is operated by Microsoft, which has its Skype division headquarters in Luxembourg. Most of the development team and 44% of the overall employees of the division are situated in Tallinn and Tartu, Estonia.[12][13]
Unlike most other VoIP services, Skype is a hybrid peer-to-peer and client–server system. It makes use of background processing on computers running Skype software. Skype’s original proposed name (Sky Peer-to-Peer) reflects this fact.
Some network administrators have banned Skype on corporate,[14] government, home, and education networks,[15] citing reasons such as inappropriate usage of resources, excessive bandwidth usage, and security concerns.[16]
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Skype has not used it’s potential, to work with local telcos to expand it’s reach, the future is an international online number, where video conferencing and voice calls and sms will merge, to provide the next call centre, the ability to link to corporate websites to have an online customer support experience, where multiple group conferencing will be the norm, I am willing to pay for such a service, and there are many others who will do the same, better go back to the drawing board to plan your next move.

Skype Online Numbers = CountryCode+AreaCode+10digit numbers where it is also possible to introduce bidded shortcuts=1-8digit numbers+#(pound) key thru programming. You can even route your calls to your mobile or anywhere in the world. Next how to solve 100 billion devices on the next generation Internet using the matrix system?

I can’t be bothered to patent my online numbers, it will be available under a CC Licence when you make money, just reserve a share for me, except those reserved for the UN, I have no choice as I need to patent those inventions, but I won’t even handle the projects, let UN manage and I do my share in research and development.

– Contributed by Oogle.

Energy saving device using Induction/Inverters for adapters/extention plugs

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_inverter#Three_phase_inverters
The variable-frequency drive uses a rectifier to convert the incoming alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) and then uses pulse-width modulation in an electrical inverter to produce AC of a desired frequency. The variable frequency AC drives a brushless motor or an induction motor. As the speed of an induction motor is proportional to the frequency of the AC, the compressors runs at different speeds. A microcontroller can then sample the current ambient air temperature and adjust the speed of the compressor appropriately. The additional electronics add to cost of equipment and operation. Conversion from AC to DC, and then back to AC, can cost as much 4 – 6% in energy losses for each conversion step.[citation needed]
Eliminating stop-start cycles increases efficiency, extends the life of components, and helps eliminate sharp fluctuations in the load it places on the power supply. Ultimately this makes inverter less prone to breakdowns, cheaper to run.

A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC);[1] the converted AC can be at any required voltage and frequency with the use of appropriate transformers, switching, and control circuits.
Solid-state inverters have no moving parts and are used in a wide range of applications, from small switching power supplies in computers, to large electric utility high-voltage direct current applications that transport bulk power. Inverters are commonly used to supply AC power from DC sources such as solar panels or batteries.
The inverter performs the opposite function of a rectifier. The electrical inverter is a high-power electronic oscillator. It is so named because early mechanical AC to DC converters were made to work in reverse, and thus were “inverted”, to convert DC to AC.
Three-phase inverters are used for variable-frequency drive applications and for high power applications such as HVDC power transmission. A basic three-phase inverter consists of three single-phase inverter switches each connected to one of the three load terminals. For the most basic control scheme, the operation of the three switches is coordinated so that one switch operates at each 60 degree point of the fundamental output waveform. This creates a line-to-line output waveform that has six steps. The six-step waveform has a zero-voltage step between the positive and negative sections of the square-wave such that the harmonics that are multiples of three are eliminated as described above. When carrier-based PWM techniques are applied to six-step waveforms, the basic overall shape, or envelope, of the waveform is retained so that the 3rd harmonic and its multiples are cancelled.
To construct inverters with higher power ratings, two six-step three-phase inverters can be connected in parallel for a higher current rating or in series for a higher voltage rating. In either case, the output waveforms are phase shifted to obtain a 12-step waveform. If additional inverters are combined, an 18-step inverter is obtained with three inverters etc. Although inverters are usually combined for the purpose of achieving increased voltage or current ratings, the quality of the waveform is improved as well.
When controlled rectifier circuits are operated in the inversion mode, they would be classified by pulse number also. Rectifier circuits that have a higher pulse number have reduced harmonic content in the AC input current and reduced ripple in the DC output voltage. In the inversion mode, circuits that have a higher pulse number have lower harmonic content in the AC output voltage waveform.

Therefore Induction and Inverter technologies can help the household save electrical energy if you have a unit placed between your direct AC to convert to DC for any home appliances, and the ideal is an extention plug or adapter, but such a size has not been effectively achieved yet. Improvements of up to 50% can be achieved for Solar and Wind Farms but so far nobody has achieved the invention of a small device to achieve the same power savings.

– Contributed by Oogle.

Redesigning the entire structure of the next quantum computer for Intelligent OS using ZFS

ZFS is a combined file system and logical volume manager designed by Sun Microsystems. The features of ZFS include data integrity verification against data corruption modes, support for high storage capacities, integration of the concepts of filesystem and volume management, snapshots and copy-on-write clones, continuous integrity checking and automatic repair, RAID-Z and native NFSv4 ACLs. ZFS is implemented as open-source software, licensed under the Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL). The ZFS name was a trademark of Oracle[3] until September 20, 2011.[4]

Want to see I re-engineer everything from scratch to design both the hardware(quantum computer) and software for the next generation Intelligent OS? 

ZFS(Everything) on a chip? Yes you can after the introduction of ARM technologies where video, sound every chipset will be housed on a single chip
I am bringing everyone at least 10 years ahead where the semiconductor business will change rapidly when ZFS and ARM technologies will merge to create the next generation of powerful CPUs that can run everything, small powerful and does not consume much power. Everything can be squeezed into a quadcore ARM processor with the computer no bigger than a Mac Mini, we are talking about a quantum computer, mind you. Intel will still be around, but they need to invest in R & D to create the future of these powerful chips.
– Contributed by Oogle.

The Future is the Grid for Solar Technology

It is an understatement to say solar tech companies have suffered in 2011. The year has been marked by financial losses, layoffs, factory closures, trade complaints and bankruptcies afflicting solar manufacturers in the U.S., Europe and Asia. The drama will continue in 2012, and here is a look at what to expect next year.
1. Lining up the right dance partners. Raising more private equity means diluting share values, but many next-gen thin film startups remain in the perilous stage of entering mass production at a time when demand lags. They need money and more. We have already seen some of them lining up corporate investors — such as ambitious Korean conglomerates — who also can help them with technology development and sales and marketing. HelioVolt was rescued by SK Group, and GreenVolt found help from ABB. Others, such as MiaSole, are still searching.
2. Buyer’s market. For companies with financial muscles, it’s a good time to invest in solar, be it taking a share in a tech company or a power project. Many big energy companies have done just that, from Exelon in the U.S. to Total in France. Google got rid of its solar research effort but has made some big investments in solar power projects this year, including the $94 million in four solar projects near Sacramento, Calif., that it announced last week. There are many firsts. Warren Buffett’s MidAmerican Energy Holdings is buying its first solar farm and has agreed to purchase a 49 percent stake in a second one. Investment firm KKR made its first renewable energy investment in the U.S. by putting an undisclosed sum in the same Sacramento-area solar farm. Hey, maybe we will see Chinese oil giants gobbling up some solar and wind projects abroad.
3. Game over. We know of seven companies that have declared bankruptcy or have shuttered their solar businesses. Energy Conversion Devices temporarily suspended production last month and is doing massive layoffs, and though it hasn’t filed for bankruptcy or otherwise announced its exit, the company’s prospects are bleak. If there are truly hundreds of solar panel manufacturers in China, then many of them won’t live much longer, and some should have expired by now. The Chinese government’s own research recently concluded that the number of domestic solar panel makers could fall to 15 before this decade is over. LDK Solar, a silicon producer that has added solar cell and panel manufacturing in recent years, is one of the struggling Chinese companies. Wells Fargo recently dropped its coverage of LDK because the solar company no longer presented “a viable solar investment.”
Although some of the high-profile U.S. solar startups have lined up big investors, as we mentioned earlier, their survival is far from assured, and, well, Solyndra won’t be the only big VC-backed solar investment that flames out.
4. New entrants keep on coming. Sure, times are tough now, but the solar market is supposed to grow and grow, right? So here you have Foxconn Technology Group, the world’s largest contract maker of consumer electronics such as the iPhone, plotting its entry into the solar market and planning on starting trial production next year. Other solar manufacturers should be worried, because solar panels are commodities and margins are shrinking quickly. Foxconn will join some of the largest consumer electronics makers that also have vowed to become major solar manufacturers: Samsung and LG (and Sharp and Panasonic already are big players in solar).
Although government incentives have played a key role in boosting the solar market growth, they are falling, drying up or changing too often, and many project developers and installers are looking forward to the day when they can build without subsidies (meaning they can do it more cheaply).
5. Changing strategy. It is interesting to see how companies change their strategies during tough times. We have seen more money devoted to boosting the sunlight-to-electricity conversion efficiencies by companies that have historically spent more heavily on expanding factories to drive down costs. First Solar, which is laying off workers and throttling back its factory expansion plans, is undergoing a major strategy shift to focus on projects that serve utilities and in markets that aren’t so driven by government subsidies. All eyes will be on First Solar to see how it plans to tackle that in 2012.
6. The bane of election year politics. The U.S. is the third-largest solar market in the world, and it still has a lot of room to grow. The growth so far has been propped up by government incentives, and the expiration of a key federal subsidy this month and an ongoing trade complaint against Chinese manufacturers have stoked worries of a slower increase in installations in 2012. Add that to the fact that Republicans and Democrats both are trying to show who can manage the country’s finances better and cut spending. Getting more government help in 2012 will be as difficult as getting Newt Gingrich to be humble.
7. Emerging markets. China and India have been among the most-talked-about new markets this year, and the conversation will continue. But we also will hear more about other, lesser-known markets such as the Middle East and Africa, where the necessary ingredients for solar development — money and interest from utilities and government — are increasing. Latin America is starting to show signs of solar power development activities, though they are tiny still.
8. What will the IPO market bring? Not much. This year has proven a terrible time for making that public market debut. Companies that filed this year to go public, such as BrightSource Energy and Enphase Energy, are waiting for the right time. Until we see successful sol
ar IPOs in the U.S. — and it’s been a while — very few will try their luck.

9. Beyond solar. Some solar installers see opportunities in the emergence of electric cars — both businesses promote their cleantech cred and sell to consumers directly. Companies such as REC Solar and SolarCity are selling electric car charging stations (SolarCity has erected solar power charging stations for Tesla owners). Automakers such as General Motors and Nissan are building electric car charging stations that use solar power. Up until now, solar retailers have largely focused on selling solar energy equipment and installation services. But as they grow in size and generate more money, they might want to diversify to offer other cleantech equipment and services.
10. Solar’s impact on the grid. The increase in solar energy generation has nudged utilities and electric grid regulators to give more thought and investment to the impact of solar in their mission to deliver electricity reliably. Since solar production can ebb and surge depending on the time of the day and the weather, new technologies and policies are cropping up to monitor solar energy production and minimize interruptions of power delivery. Storing solar energy in batteries and discharging it into the grid when needed is one solution that is being considered or tested in pilot projects. Inverters will play a greater role in regulating solar power’s flow into the grid. Some of the technologies already exist because of technical requirements in Germany, and they will make their way into the U.S.
Photos from GigaOM, First Solar, Enphase Energy, Duke Energy, Solaria
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The present stage of Solar Technology will make leaps and bounds when there will be improvements for solar cells panels, storage technology and connectivity to the Grid that will enable efficient widespread deployment based on cost return ratios which justify the move to alternative energy, the price of oil will continue to rise and many would not want to rely on fossil fuels for electricity generation and will de-centralised their needs by locking on to the energy Grid, even cutting their energy requirements by up to 50% by investing in solar technology.
In future, solar energy will be installed at the rooftops of every HDB block of flats, generating up to 50% of the energy required to light up the common corridors and lifts, even powering the next generation of waste management system for new HDB flats where a hybrid system will still work between old and new flats, where excess energy can be resold with the connectivity to the Grid.
– Contributed by Oogle. 

New Underground MRT station between Outram and HarbourFront?

New Underground MRT station between Outram and HarbourFront?

When you take the NE line, you will notice that the LED signboard mention of station 1 is HarbourFront, and station 3 is Outram, what about station 2? A new underground MRT station in secret?
– Contributed by Oogle.
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24th October 2012
By Maria Almenoar
Commuters can expect a smoother travelling experience when new facilities in at least 23 MRT and LRT stations are completed in the next three years.
Upgrading work by the Land Transport Authority (LTA) includes building linkways to nearby buildings, bicycle racks, railings and covered taxi and pick-up bays.
It could not say how much the upgrading will cost, as some tenders have not been called. It did say, however, that it will cost $5.4 million to add lifts at pedestrian overhead bridges next to six stations: Bishan, Aljunied, Khatib, Yew Tee, Kranji and Sengkang.
The works, which started in November last year, will be completed by the end of next year.Also slated for completion next year are enhancements at five stations: Dover, HarbourFront, Kovan and Yishun MRT stations, as well as Teck Whye LRT station.
Modifications range from extensions to the roofs to covered linkways and pick-up bays.
Another lot of stations will get improvement works by 2015.
The Commonwealth, Clementi and Queenstown stations will each get two new entrances with fare gates and ticketing machines.
An additional pedestrian bridge will also be built at each station, linking it to both sides of the main road outside.
This will help alleviate congestion on existing linkways, especially during morning and evening peak periods, said the LTA.
The new amenities will cater to an expected growth in travel demand in these neighbourhoods once new developments come up.
Another nine MRT and LRT stations will also get better facilities by June 2015: Kallang, Lakeside, Bukit Gombak and Serangoon MRT stations; and Bukit Panjang, Bangkit, Keat Hong, Pending and Southview LRT stations.
Some enhancement work has been completed. For example, Outram Park station, an interchange station serving the North-East and East-West lines, was fitted with new toilets earlier this year.
The LTA also spent $126 million to install half-height screen doors at the platforms of elevated stations to prevent accidents.
The project, completed in March, took about three years. To improve ventilation where half-height doors have been set up, the LTA is installing fans.
Work will be completed by the first quarter of next year.
mariaa@sph.com.sg

The God's Technology – Molecular Matter Conversion

“If you are able to arrange the molecules of water to the molecules of wine, you would have unlocked God’s mystery of miracles, to convert water into wine.” – Contributed by Oogle.

“Water exists in 3 stages, if you are able to turn the molecules of water to arrrange in a solid stage of molecules, you would also be like Jesus to be able to walk on water.” – Contributed by Oogle.

This paper deals with the conversion between atoms and molecules in optical lattices. We show that in the absence of collisional interaction, the atomic and molecular components in different lattice wells combine into states with macroscopic condensate fractions, which can be observed as a strong diffraction signal, if the particles are abruptly released from the lattice. The condensate population, and the diffraction signal are governed not only by the mean number of atoms or molecules in each well, but by the precise amplitudes on state vector components with different numbers of particles. We discuss ways to control these amplitudes and to maximize the condensate fraction in the molecular formation process. 

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/1940187_Atomic_and_molecular_matter_fields_in_periodic_potentials