The training for Logic Programming

1) Beat this game 10 times out of 10

2) Then play chess online and beat the computer, must win 10 out of 10 times, you can use the online strategy tool

3) Next solve the sudoku puzzle. No shortcut you must finish one by one at a time

4) This time you got to solve the rubik cube within a specific time. There is a problem with the navigation but it lets you know what to expect really in a 3D manipulation environment

5) Research on these chess computer programs “Houdini 2.0” or “Deep Rybka 4”, “Deep Blue”. Use google to search as much information as possible. Then I will start you on computer hardware training to learn every single part in a computer. You will also learn how to repair a computer before lastly is software training where you need to learn the OS, and every program of the OS, and a programming language eg Java or C++.

6) I will then breakdown all the source codes of the chess game and teach you every single process, how everything works and you must create a better program then what I had shown you, solving and winning the chess game against the computer in the fastest time possible. This will train you in programming logic skills.

7) Project Best Logic Chess Game against the computer. Which has the best chance of winning? Houdini 2.0, Deep Rybka 4 or Deep Blue?

– Contributed by Oogle.

A New Peace Accord after Oslo 1993, no more Hama’s Military Chief

GAZA | Wed Nov 14, 2012 9:32am EST

(Reuters) – Hamas’s military chief was killed when his car was hit by an Israeli airstrike on Wednesday, the Palestinian Islamist group said, with multiple Israeli attacks rocking the Gaza Strip.

Hamas said Ahmed Al-Jaabari, who ran the organization’s armed wing, the Izz el-Deen Al-Qassam, died along with a passenger after their car was targeted by an Israeli missile.

Israel’s Shin Bet domestic intelligence service confirmed it had carried out the attack, saying it had killed Jaabri because of his “decade-long terrorist activity”.

(Reporting by Nidal al-Mughrabi and Dan Williams; Writing by Crispian Balmer)

America Red Cross has no contributions from US government, so unable to fulfill it’s role

By Ernest Scheyder

ROCKAWAY PARK, New York | Wed Nov 14, 2012 12:13am EST

(Reuters) – Noreen Ellis begged the American Red Cross for help a few days after Superstorm Sandy slammed into the U.S. East Coast.

A 90-year-old bedbound woman living on Ellis’s block needed to be moved from the Rockaways, an eight-mile long, narrow spit of land in New York City, to a shelter with heat and electricity.

“I said, ‘This woman needs to be transported. Can you help?’ And the Red Cross said, ‘We don’t do that,'” Ellis said.

She shot back: “What does the Red Cross do?”

Ellis’s frustration, echoed by many residents in the places worst hit by Sandy across the New York region, exposed a gulf between what many people expected the charity to do in times of crisis and what it actually delivers.

In interviews with public officials and Red Cross staff, as well as first responders from other aid organizations, it has become clear the Red Cross was hampered by the sheer magnitude of the disaster, by its decision to position supplies and staff well outside the areas likely to be hardest hit by the storm, and by misperceptions about what kinds of relief it would provide in New York City.

The sense of letdown is all the more stark because the Red Cross, the fifth-largest charity in the United States by private donations, is viewed by many as the place to donate money when there is a major disaster at home or abroad. It has raised nearly $120 million since Sandy – spending about $40 million of that so far.

Importantly, the Red Cross has been designated by the U.S. Congress as the only non-governmental entity with the responsibility “to lead and coordinate efforts to provide mass care, housing, and human services after disasters that require federal assistance,” according to a 2006 congressional review.

But it isn’t the first time the Red Cross has faced severe criticism for a slow or weak response in the U.S. The review followed its performance after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, when the Red Cross was blamed for poor outreach to victims, and after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, when the Red Cross decided to stash away $200 million in donations for future emergencies and then reversed course after a public outcry.

The Red Cross says it has been unfairly criticized in Sandy’s aftermath and will use any leftover donations to help longer-term needs of affected communities.

“No one organization, no government agency, could permanently be ready to respond to a disaster of this magnitude,” Josh Lockwood, the chief executive of the Red Cross’s Greater New York Region, said during an interview at a food distribution site in Staten Island’s New Dorp neighborhood.

Red Cross spokesman Roger Lowe added: “Are we everywhere we want to be at the same time? No, but we’re everywhere we can be given the people and vehicles we have and the fact that we are facing a large geography and an enormous population that needs service.”

Gail McGovern, the head of the American Red Cross, even told NBC News last week that her staff has been “near flawless” since Sandy struck.


But the Red Cross efforts got off to a very slow start.

As Sandy approached, the American Red Cross headquarters in Washington, D.C. arranged five staging areas in cities expected to be just outside the storm’s path, Lowe said. Supplies and staff were moved out of the New York region to avoid damage.

One of those cities was Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where Lowe said response vehicles and other supplies were stored. When contacted after the storm, though, local Red Cross officials in Harrisburg said they had prepared primarily to serve local victims. Only after they made sure Pennsylvania residents were all right – a process that took three days – were resources sent on to New York City, the officials said.

Similar stories were told by local Red Cross officials in Baltimore, another staging area. Local officials in the other three designated places either would not comment, could not be reached for comment or were responding to Sandy’s damage to their own communities.

The Red Cross said traffic delayed by three days its efforts to serve Staten Island, the Rockaways, Coney Island and other hard-hit communities in and around New York City. That was despite all main bridges to those communities being open the day after Sandy.

As President Barack Obama paid a high-profile visit to the charity’s Washington, D.C. headquarters the day after the storm to talk about relief efforts, the Red Cross had not yet sent in food and supplies to victims in New York City. It did have shelters open outside the Big Apple, though.

“If we could have gone one minute faster in our response time, I’m going to make sure we make changes to make that happen,” Lockwood said. “We had the same challenges that all people in the region had, having to do with traffic snarls, trees down, telephone poles down.”

The delay prompted an outburst from Staten Island Borough President James Molinaro three days after the storm, when he asked Americans not to donate to the Red Cross because the group had yet to help his constituents. The Red Cross later said that at the moment Molinaro was speaking, its trucks were en route to Staten Island, where 22 people died in the storm.

Part of the perception problem may be the massive media and advertising campaigns that the Red Cross runs when there is a disaster.

Much of the money collected by the Red Cross in the past two weeks has come from high-profile telethons on national TV networks. The Red Cross has also run advertising on TV, the Internet and newspapers asking for money “to help people affected by disasters like Superstorm Sandy” and it promises that donations will help “make the biggest and most immediate impact.”

Celebrities such as Cindy Crawford and LL Cool J have tweeted links to the Red Cross, news anchors have staffed phone lines, JPMorgan Chase ATMs display Red Cross advertising, and Whole Foods asks for Red Cross donations at checkout.

These campaigns appear to give the impression that the charity can be all things to all victims. Many of Sandy’s victims said in interviews that this was their view before disappointment set in.

“After Katrina I gave big money to the Red Cross, but I will never again,” said Ellis, the Rockaways resident who was able to get her elderly neighbor to a shelter after a ride was arranged with a Long Island ambulance service. “It’s not going to the people who need it.”

In fact, the group’s primary mission in a disaster is to supply food and run shelters, not to provide transportation, arrange cleanup operations or coordinate last-minute volunteers.

“People have been giving without finding out first what a group’s capacity is to actually deliver services,” said Ben Smilowitz, head of the Disaster Accountability Project, a watchdog group for first-responder relief agencies.

For every dollar the Red Cross raises, roughly 92 cents is used for its blood supply and relief projects, with roughly 4 cents to administrative costs and 4 cents to fundraising.

During the Red Cross’s 2010-2011 fiscal year, its largest expenditure – $2.21 billion – was for its blood and plasma services, not relief work, as it helps maintain 40 percent of the U.S. blood supply. In addition to that expenditure, reported in the group’s annual filing with U.S. officials, the organization spent $340.1 million on international relief and $270.6 million on domestic relief.

Indeed, the Red Cross did run hundreds of shelters on Long Island, New Jersey and New York’s Westchester County just after Sandy, but in New York City, the city government serves that role, further limiting the group’s visibility. Altogether, the Red Cross says it has roughly 2,200 volunteers and 160 employees on the ground, and has provided more than 1 million meals or snacks.

“Sometimes there’s a perception that we’re not in a community even though we’ve had mobile trucks that have gone through there hundreds of times, so that’s a challenge in terms of perception,” said Lockwood.

And some Sandy victims do give it the benefit of the doubt.

“There are things that you can’t do overnight. All of this takes time,” said Cecil de Silva, a driver for Meals on Wheels whose Rockaway Beach home was swamped by Sandy’s tidal surge and who evacuated to Staten Island, only to be affected by the storm there as well. “People need patience.”


The sheer size of the Red Cross may be standing in its way. Other aid organizations have found that a more-nimble approach helped them respond after Sandy’s landfall.

The Salvation Army used a handful of its staff living in Staten Island to begin helping victims the day after Sandy left, two days before the Red Cross arrived.

Doctors Without Borders is using a small team of physicians to visit homebound patients. Team Rubicon, a relief group of mostly veterans, is coordinating volunteers and using supplies donated by retailer Home Depot Inc to clean up parts of the Rockaways and New Jersey.

And across Brooklyn and Queens, the Occupy Wall Street movement, famous for its 2011 protests against income inequality in a downtown Manhattan park and elsewhere around the country, has used its grassroots network to erect food and clothing distribution centers, volunteer coordination sites, and makeshift clinics.

Frustration with the Red Cross is palpable throughout the Occupy movement.

“The Red Cross is useless,” said Nastaran Mohit, who runs the Occupy medical clinic in the Rockaways with volunteer doctors. “They come to me every day asking, ‘How can we help?’

“I say, ‘Send me people.’ And they tell me they’ll get back to me.”

The Red Cross said it did approach Occupy organizers last week, but so far “we do not have specific examples of where we have worked together,” said Lowe, the Red Cross spokesman.

Some other charities have even been specifically targeting those who do not want to go through the Red Cross with statements like this on their websites: “If you would like to donate to the relief effort but prefer not go through the Red Cross: the Staten Island Giving Circle can accept donations via PayPal.”

Said Lockwood, head of the Red Cross’s Greater New York Region: “If people want to be generous we thank them, and if they want to be generous to another organization that’s great too.”

(Reporting By Ernest Scheyder; Additional reporting by Susan Cornwell and Jennifer Merritt; Editing by Martin Howell and Steve Orlofsky)

Solar Leasing takes off

Idea to lease solar panels on contract is catching on with HDB but cost, hot property market could be dampeners

by Woo Sian Boon
04:45 AM Nov 14, 2012
SINGAPORE – A new concept that seeks to remove the hassle of installing bulky solar panels and drive down the costs of installation and maintenance is catching on among companies, schools and Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats. Called “solar leasing”, any organisation can lease solar panels under a 20-year contract with the leasing company taking care of designing, financing, maintaining and operating the solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The tenants will pay 20 per cent of upfront costs and a monthly flat rate that is not higher than the retail electricity tariff rate. 

But before proponents can declare it as a possible answer to Singapore’s constant bid to diversify its energy mix – the concept has already proven to be popular in other parts of the world, including southern California, in the United States – experts had some reservations about whether the concept would take off here, even as the cost of solar panels head south. 

They cited the “short-termism” that is prevalent among private property owners. The fact that most Singaporeans live in public flats also meant that the Government’s buy-in will be critical. Moreover, the cost savings might not be meaningful for private properties, given the economies of scale. 

Deputy CEO of the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore Armin Aberle pointed out: “With solar leasing, you need a roof space for the next 20 years. It’s a long term investment and, in Singapore, very few people own their own roof space and have such long-term thinking, because of the hot property market … they buy and sell very quickly.”

Dr Arberle however, pointed out that the concept may be the way to go for new HDB developments.

The first solar-leasing project was awarded in September last year: The HDB awarded a tender to Sunseap Enterprises, a solar system developer, to lease two mega-watt-peak solar PV systems for 45 HDB residential blocks in Punggol. The installations were completed last month, and the system will provide power for common area facilities such as corridor lights and lifts.

Sunseap Business Development Manager Brandon Lee said his company is planning to offer the solar leasing service to private residences “as early as next year”. 

“For private residential buildings, the system size is smaller, so the unit cost will also be higher,” he said. 

Sunseap’s gameplan is to use its profits from companies and other organisations to subsidise the costs for individual households, said Mr Lee. 

PV World is the other company here that provides solar leasing services. Its Managing Director Loh Lean Chooi said households living in private residences may save “only about S$20 or S$30 a month” by leasing solar panels.

So far, a handful of entities have signed up for the leasing services, including Raffles Institution (RI). The school signed a lease last month for Sunseap to install 625 panels on two of the school’s blocks. The panels will generate up to 175,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually to power lighting in classrooms, lecture theatres, air conditioning units and fans. Neither Sunseap or RI would reveal the commercial terms of the lease. 

According to Mr Lee, the upfront cost of a system similar to RI’s would cost S$700,000. On lease terms, organisations need to fork out only 20 per cent of that, he added. 

Sakae Holdings was one of the first companies to sign a lease. It is installing some 1,400 solar panels on the roof of its headquarters in Upper Paya Lebar. Its CEO Douglas Foo said solar leasing enabled the company to invest in solar energy, despite lacking the necessary expertise.

Keppel DHCS has also leased solar panels for its district cooling system plant at Changi Business Park. The cost savings are estimated to be about 10 per cent per annum, said a the company’s spokesperson.

While Mr Lee was optimistic that more companies will come on board once the concept becomes better known, Mr Loh felt that the Government could do more to encourage companies to take up the service. 

“The Government only provides subsidies to buildings if they are able to achieve the Building and Construction Authority’s Green Mark status … Also, in other places such as Europe and Australia, subsidies are provided for the 20-year lease period,” he said.

Singapore’s rapid urban renewal rate also means that building owners are afraid to commit to a 20-year lease – the minimum tenure that is needed for the solar system developers to make a profit – for the solar panels. “This is another major problem we face here,” said Mr Loh.

Priority of funds in research depends on human & environment & economic values, what we are talking is it's potential to improve lives

There are a set of new challenges that we are faced with at the moment around resource shortages on the one hand, and around damage to the global commons on the other, and there is no question in my mind that there is insufficient research going into these areas.

If we look at resource shortages, we’re looking at issues such as energy, water, minerals, and food. These are practical outcomes that are of direct consequence to the survivability of our civilisation going forward.

We have got a wonderful new set of challenges for science and technology, and in my view, we have to refocus a lot more public funds into developing exciting new innovations to take us through this.

My position is that research into areas such as astronomy and particle physics is very interesting and is important because often this type of work attracts bright young people into careers in science and technology.

So there is a very good argument for funding what is intellectually interesting and challenging but may not have practical outcomes from the research.

In other words, it’s a question of priority.

Theoretical physics colleagues of mine have been teaching about the Higgs boson for many, many decades and now we have an experimental confirmation and we have added a bit of detail to our knowledge of the Higgs boson as a result – if indeed it is the Higgs boson that is being looked at.

As far as I know, directly from the result of the research into particle physics at these very high energies there has been no useful outcome for society from that research directly.

Maybe indirectly – and everyone quotes the World Wide Web – but if we look at the actual discoveries of particle physics over that last 50 years, there are no direct outcomes.

There has been a lack of funding for finding answers to the practical problems we face because of two things – one is myopia. We tend to be very good at dealing with a problem that is sitting right on our desks at this point in time rather than worrying about the next 10-20 years.

But the second is perhaps more important – inertia. Human beings tend to have, for very good reason, inertia built into them from the education system.

Secondly, we have infrastructure inertia. For example, every motor vehicle driving on the roads today is simply a linear extrapolation of the model T Ford, that has become more and more complex without actually qualitatively changing that manufacturing process.
Sir David King

Food, Substance or Actions that can cause Addiction

Food, Substance or Actions that can cause Addiction

1) Top of my lists is Coffee, it is as addictive as opium, if you have freshly roasted coffee brewed with a hot cup of coffee, and after a period of more than 30 days, the smell and taste is so addictive you will get withdrawal symptoms, like lack of concentration or sleepyness, and you need caffeine to stay awake, an overdose will only cause sleepless nights.

2) Likewise the next is Gui Hua Tea, the fragrance will linger after you taste it, especially brewing the real chinese way, that is why it is a very superior tea, amongst the highest prices for tea.

3) Durian, 50% of those who have a taste will never forget the taste and would like it, but the other 50% will never like the pungent smell, so if you fall under the 50% who like durians, it can be very addictive also.

4) Sex. The action of sex will stimulate the brain and cause a reaction that is transmitted in your blood to other parts of your body, and it is so addictive that you will never forget the experience, the sense of touch and foreplay will complete the experience, it is part of the human autonomy.

5) Drugs. Drugs are addictive because of prolong use, you seldom get addicted for the first time, the chemicals mess up your brain and cause a reaction that will cause very bad withdrawal symptoms, but if you can mute the response you can kill the addiction.

6) Gambling. The action of gambling is not addictive, it is the act of winning that mess up your brain that makes you think you have satisfaction from the power of control of money, and makes you think you can win all the time, that is why gamblers never quit, but gambling as an addiction can also be controlled, by messing the part of the brain that cause this reflex.

7) Alcohol. Alcohol will cause addiction because of the “high” feeling of the brain when you are intoxicated, it mess up the chemicals in your brain, and will be very problematic over prolong use.

8) Last on my lists is cigerettes, it is a lifestyle addiction problem, the smell and taste will only cause addiction over prolong use, but nowadays it is possible to kill the addiction by having patches stuck on your arm or body.

Therefore if you are able to create a perfect user experience that lingers in the mind for a long time through pleasant taste, smell, touch and experience, you would have consumers addicted to your products and services, achieving great sales. The market for Food and Beverage is huge because human beings do not like to eat the same thing or drink the same thing everyday, and will normally rotate their experience of taste, if you take this into account, and able to create the perfect user experience, you would have sales always, beating the numbers game.

– Contributed by Oogle.

Willing Hearts require Volunteers

Willing Hearts, 50 Genting Lane, #04-06, Cideco Building, Singapore 349558 Operating hours from 6am to 12pm, peak workload 7am to 10am. Our kitchen is open everyday 365 days/year. 

Our Mission Statement is:

To work with the underprivileged, the needy, and other marginalised members of society, and where relevant, to assist and guide them towards rehabilitating and reinstating themselves as useful citizens of society. 

A major part of our work is conducted through the operation of our soup kitchens. Currently, we serve an estimated total of 2700 to 3000 people daily or about 90,000 meals per month.


Willing Hearts has been a registered society since February 2005. We are a 100% volunteer-based.

Our kitchen is open everyday 365 days/year.

Dress code is kitchen-smart (casual workwear).